IX. NOTAS


 






1. Iglesia de Cienciología, A Description of the Scientology Religion (Los Ángeles; The Church of Scientology International, 1996):

2. E.B. Tylor, Primitive Culture, 2 vol. (Londres; John Murray, 1920) I: 424; Emile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, trad. Joseph Ward Swain (Nueva York, The Free Press, 1965): 62. Un útil "mapa" multidimensional para el estudio de la religión ha sido desarrollado por Ninian Smark en una serie de publicaciones, incluyendo The Religious Experience of Mankind (Glasgow; Collins, 1971); The Science of Religion and the Sociology of Knowledge (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973); The Phenomenon of Religion (Londres: Macmillan, 1973); y Worldviews: Crosscultural Explorations of Human Beliefs (Nueva York; Charles Scribners, 1983). Para más discusión sobre la definición de religión, ver David Chidester, Gordon Mitchell, Isabel Apawo Phiri y A. Rashied Omar, Religion in Public Education: Options for a New South Africa, 2a. ed. (Ciudad del Cabo; UCT Press, 1994).

3. Emile Benveniste, Indo-European Language and Society (trad.) Elizabeth Palmer (Londres; Faber and Faber, 1973; ed. orig. 1969): 522.

4. J. T. Van der Kemp, "An Account of the Religion, Customs, Population, Government, Language, History and Natural Productions of Caffraria", Transactions of the (London) Missionary Society, Vol. 1 (Londres; Bye á Law, 1804): 432.

5. W. M. Eiselen, "Geloofsvorme van Donker Afrika", Tydskrif vir Wetenskap en Kuns 3 (1924/25): 84

6. Peter Harrison, "Religion" and the Religions in the English Enlightenment (Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 1990): 39

7. David A. Pailin, Attitudes to Other Religions: Comparative Religion in the Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Britain (Manchester; Manchester University Press, 1984).

8. F. Max Müller, Introduction to the Science of Religion (Londres; Trübners, 1873).

9. Además de la obra de Harrison y Pailín citada más arriba, informes recientes sobre el surgimiento histórico de los términos modernos "religión" y "religiones" fueron suministrados por Peter Byrne, Natural Religion and The Nature of Religion: The Legacy of Deism (Londres; Routledge, 1989); J. Samuel Preus; Explaining Religion; Criticism and Theory from Bodin to Freud (New Haven; Yale University Press, 1987); Eric. J. Sharpe, Comparative Religion: A History, 2a. ed. (La Salle, Illinois; Open Court, 1986); y Michel Despland y Gerrard Vallée (eds.) Religion in History: The Word, the Idea, the Reality (Waterloo, Ont.; Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1992). Sobre antecedentes más profundos, ver Wilfred Cantwell Smith, The Meaning and End of Religion (Nueva York; Macmillan, 1962); Michel Despland, La religion en Occident: Evolution des idees et du vécu (Montreal; Fides, 1979); y Ernst Feil, Religio: Die Geschichte eines neuzeitlichen Grundbegriffs vom Frühchristentum bis zur Reformation (Gîttingen: Vandenhoeck y Ruprecht, 1986). Para un análisis de la producción histórica de los términos "Religion" y "Religiones" en el Sur de Africa, ver David Chidester, Savage Systems: Colonialism, Religion and Comparative Religion in Southern Africa (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, a publicarse en 1996).

10. Sobre el movimiento anticultos, ver David Bromley y Anson D. Shupe, The New Vigilantes: Deprogrammers, Anti-Cultists, and the New Religions (Beverly Hills, California; Sage, 1980). En el análisis académico, las denuncias anticultos pueden reiterarse en modelos teóricos que presentan a las nuevas religiones como psicopatología, empresas comerciales, o desviaciones sociales. Ver William Sims Bainbridge y Rodney Stark, Cult Formation: "Three Compatible Models", en Jeffrey K. Hadden y Theodore E. Long, eds., Religion and Religiosity in America (Nueva York; Crossroad, 1983): 35-53.

11. G. P. C. Kotzé, y otros, Report of the Commission of Inquiry into Scientology for 1972 (Pretoria; Government Printer, 1973): 208.

12. G. C. Oosthuizen, The Church of Scientology: Religious Philosophy, Religion and Church (Johannesburg; Church of Scientology, 1975): 11.

13. L. Ronald Hubbard, Creation of Human Ability: A Handbook for Scientologists (East Grinstead, Sussex; Publications Organization World Wide, 1968; ed. orig. 1954): 251.

14. Para un ejemplo sobre este enfoque, ver Hendrik Kraemer, The Christian Message in an Non-Christian World (Londres: Edinburgh House Press, 1938).

15. L. Ronald Hubbard, Phoenix Lectures (Edinburgh; Publications Organization World Wide, 1968): 35.

16. Ibid., 13

17. Ibid., 11

18. L. Ronald Hubbard, Science of Survival: Prediction of Human Behaviour (East Grinstead, Sussex; Hubbard Communications Office, 1964; ed. orig. 1951): 244.

19 L. Ronald Hubbard, Ceremonies of the Founding Church of Scientology (Letchworth, Hertfordshire; Garden City Press, 1967): 73-75.

20. L. Ronald Hubbard, Scientology 8-8008 (Bedford; Foundry Press, 1956; ed. orig. 1953): 65.

21. Hubbard, Ceremonies of the Founding Church of Scientology, 7.

22. Jonathan Z. Smith, "Healing Cults", New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Macropaedia, vol. 8 (Chicago, 1977): 685.

23. Henry Clarke Warren, trad., Buddhism in Translations (Nueva York; Atheneum, 1979): 405.

24. Morton Bloomfield, The Seven Deadly Sins: An Introduction to the History of a Religious Concept (East Lansing; Michigan State University Press, 1967).

25. Acerca de la disonancia y armonía en la ética religiosa, ver David Chidester, Patterns of Action; Religion and Ethics in a Comparative Perspective (Belmont, Calif.; Wadsworth, 1987): 67-105.

26. Hubbard, Science of Survival, 40

27. Mircea Eliade, Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy, trad. Willard R. Trask (Princeton; Princeton University Press, 1964).

28. Felicitas Goodman, Ecstasy, Ritual and Alternative Reality: Religion in a Pluralistic World (Bloomington; Indiana University Press, 1988); Where the Spirits Ride the Wind: Trance Journeys and other Ecstatic Experiences (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990).

29. Para un análisis que ha desacreditado la denuncia de que las nuevas religiones practican el "lavado de cerebros", ver David Bromley y James Richardson, eds., The Brainwashing/Deprogramming Controversy: Sociological, Psychological, Legal, and Historical Perspectives (Nueva York; Edwin Mellen Press, 1983); y Dick Anthony, "Religious Movements and Brainwashing Litigation: Evaluating Key Testimony", en Thomas Robbins y Dick Anthony, eds., In Gods We Trust: New Patterns of Religious Pluralism in America, 2a. ed. (New Brunswick, Nueva Jersey; Transaction, 1990): 295-325.

30. Iglesia de Cienciología, What is Scientology?: The Comprehensive Reference on the World s Fastest Growing Religion (Los Ángeles; Bridge Publications, 1992): 221.

31. Ibid., 222

32. Iglesia de Cienciología, Description of the Scientology Religion, 8.

33. L. Ronald Hubbard, Religion (Sussex; Hubbard Communications Office, Carta de Política de HCO del 29 de octubre de 1962.).

34. David Chidester, Patterns of Power, Religion and Politics in American Culture (Englewood Cliffs, Nueva Jersey; Prentice Hall, 1988); 239-41.

35. Kotzé, Report of the Commission of Inquiry, 209.

36. Iglesia de Cienciología, Reply to the Report of the Commission of Inquiry: "The Missing Report" for the Information of Members of Parliament (Johanesburgo; Iglesia de Cienciología, 1973); 41.

37. Citada en Ibid., 43.

38. Iglesia de Cienciología, What is Scientology?, 425.

39. Iglesia de Cienciología, Reference Guide to the Scientology Religion: Answers to Questions Most Commonly Asked by Media (Los Ángeles; Iglesia de Cienciología Internacional 1994): 22

40. Citizens Commission on Human Rights, "Psychiatry and South Africa", Creating Racism: Psychiatry's Betrayal in the Guise of Help (Los Ángeles, CCHR, 1995): 18.

41. Klippies Kritzinger, ed., Believers in the Future (Ciudad del Cabo: Conferencia Internacional sobre la Religión y la Paz, Representación en Sudáfrica, 1991).

42. William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience (Nueva York; Macmillan, 1961): 393.

43. Ray Wallis, "Hostages to Fortune: Thoughts on the Future of Scientology and the Children of God", in David G. Bromley y Phillip E. Hammond, eds., The Future of New Religious Movements (Macon, Georgia; Mercer University Press, 1987): 80- 84; Robert Ellwood, "A Historian of Religion Looks at the Future of New Religious Movements", en ibid., 249-50; Benton Johnson, "A Sociologist of Religion Looks at the Future of New Religious Movements", en ibid., 253-56.
 

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