Professor, Sociology of Religion
University of Lille III
I. IS SCIENTOLOGY A RELIGION?
THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF SCIENTOLOGY
L. Ron Hubbards teachings include a concept of the individual in which the body and the mind are intimately linked.
Based on his research into the mind and human nature, L. Ron Hubbard wrote Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health in 1950 which became an immediate bestseller and resulted in the founding of Dianetics organizations. At that time Dianetics was addressed solely to the mind as a means of unburdening or releasing an individual from mental trauma. However, Mr. Hubbard continued his research and in the early 1950s entered the spiritual realm with the discovery that Man is an immortal spirit who has lived countless lives and transcends the physical dimension. The first Church of Scientology was founded in 1954.
In Scientology the mind may be likened to a computer with two main divisions: the analytical mind and the reactive mind.
The first would represent intelligence, an unfaulty faculty supposed to be the awareness center of the individual (the I or basic personality). This analyzer is analogous to a computer working with perceptions (stimuli from the outside world), the imagination and memories contained in the standard memory bank. This memory receives, from birth to death, whether awake or asleep, information transmitted by the various senses, which it stores in full, in chronological sequence, in various files (auditory, visual, tactile, etc.) which it keeps at the disposal of the analytical mind. This mind thinks permanently. It continually receives copies of stored facsimiles, evaluates them, compares them, in order to supply correct answers to the problems encountered by the individual. To accomplish routine tasks such as walking, typing, etc. without having useless information, it sets up ready-to-work circuits that regulate acquired functions. In principle, the analytical mind is a sort of rational, unfaulty computer which does not create psychic or psychosomatic disorders.
Aberrated conduct is due to the reactive mind, which is a deposit of engrams. The latter are not exactly memories. They are complete recordings in all details of all perceptions received by the individual during a moment of pain and total or partial unconsciousness, such as fainting or anesthesia.
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